What is deepfake and what role did it play in the war

In this cyber world, more and more often the real meets the unreal. In recent years, artificial intelligence has brought to the fore the concept of deep fake, a complex algorithm that if misused, brings with it disastrous consequences capable of overthrowing governments or influencing peoples and even losing a war. Deep Fake as it applies to conflicts We all know fake news, totally invented or altered news circulating on the web. Technology has given this phenomenon a further boost through deepfake. But what is deep fake? Deepfake is a technique for the synthesis of the human image based on artificial intelligence. This technology, thanks to the use of machine learning techniques, is able to superimpose existing images and audio on new content, to share an altered message. Although, legally, this particular technology has been mainly used for satirical purposes, in the world of the dark web it is used to carry out acts of cyberbullying, revenge porn, scams and fake news. The recent conflict in Ukraine is also being fought online. In fact, numerous cyber security agencies are trying to protect their systems from Russian cyber attacks. Furthermore, the Russian counterattack also involves sharing propaganda and fake news to shape people's thinking. Not only that, the Kremlin hackers used the deepface to create a fake video of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy calling his people to surrender. The internet majors immediately removed the video from the internet to avoid the propagation of the altered message to the Ukrainian population. And immediately, even the Ukrainian President himself denied the veracity of the message shared on the net on his Instagram page. This conflict was the first to use digital media as a weapon and as a direct means of communication. The Ukrainian president, in fact, uses social networks to talk to the people about him. On the other hand, the Russians have abandoned the old propaganda systems used in the Cold War to modernize themselves and adopt the most modern technologies (such as deepfake) to convey their messages. And therefore, with the introduction, for the first time, of deepfake in a war context, it is clear that warfare in the future will be increasingly digital.